Myanmar: IN Brief

Burma which is today’s Myanmar was annexed into India in the year 1886 and was made one of the provinces. Later the Britishers separated it from British India in 1937.

Reason :

In the early 20th century, nationalist movement started taking place and was getting stronger day by day as the Indian Freedom Activists also started working side by side to drive away the colonial rulers from the region. This made Britishers think that they have to separate Burma in order to suppress the mass movement which was getting out of their grip. But still, it was under their rule as they had only separated the region and not given the freedom.

4th January 1948:

Britishers tried everything to hold their grip in the region but soon Burma also got their Independence after four months of India’s Independence on 4th January 1948.
Post-Independence: Then Rangoon now known as Yangon was made the capital of Burma. After independence, the state struggled through multiple communist & tribal insurgencies for almost 14 years.

Military Rule:

In 1962 General Ne Win led a successful military coup to dethrone the then Burmese P.M. U Nu. 
The military rule lasted from 1962-2011. In 2011 the military junta was officially dissolved after the 2010 general election. From 2011 to 2021 Myanmar saw the face of democracy but later this year again there was a military coup on the 1st of February 2021. Several important leaders from the gov along with the state counselor Aung San Suu Kyi & President Win Myint were detained by the Tatmadaw (the official name of Myanmar armed forces). Min Aung Commander-in-Chief of the armed forces is the current leader of the nation. In the official statement released from the military radio station, they said ” The 2020 general election was rigged and will be conducted again till then the state of emergency is effective nationwide and the duration of the state of emergency is set for one year,”

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